On-Demand Custom Earbuds, Manufactured With 3D Printing
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Judging by most mass-produced products on the market today, you’d think humans come in just three sizes. We don’t. So why don’t the products we buy reflect that?
Custom products perform better and consumers embrace them, but custom manufacturing is often not economical. Collecting personalized data from consumers is tricky, custom tooling is expensive, and tracking customized parts from initial order through production and shipping is complex.
3D printing is changing everything. Falling costs and innovation in materials have made 3D printing practical for manufacturing—and promise to bring the dream of mass customization into reality.
At CES 2018, Formlabs demonstrated this reality. Our booth showcased an entire production process for custom earbuds—from in-ear scan to final product—that can be easily deployed in mass markets.
Economically Manufacturing Custom Products
Tailor-made items perform better, plain and simple. A truly custom-fit earbud can provide unparalleled long-term wear, comfort, stability, and noise reduction.
Advancements in scanning technology paired with accessible, high quality 3D printers make it viable to manufacture custom earbuds and other audiology products at scale.
Though it’s not a silver bullet, 3D printing removes many of the challenges traditionally associated with mass-producing custom products:
- 3D printing is a zero tooling production process–there’s no need to produce thousands of the same item to recoup the initial cost of molds.
- Complexity and variety are “free”; a 3D printer takes no more time, energy, or material to manufacture a complex shape than a simple one, and zero tooling means printing a variety of designs requires no extra production costs.
- With desktop 3D printers, it’s easier to scale up as production needs rise.
The production process for custom earbuds demonstrates an important consideration when thinking about integrating 3D printing into production or pursuing mass customization. The final, useable products don't have to be 3D printable; you can use 3D printing to create molds (which is the process for earbuds), vacuum forms, or casts, and still make the final products out of proven, cost-effective materials.
A 3D Printing Workflow for Mass Market Environments
The end-to-end process requires minimal labor, has a low footprint, and most importantly, delivers a high-quality final product.
The process begins with a fast, non-intrusive digital scan of the customer’s ear canal using a 3D scanner. A technician edits the digital file into a 3D printable mold, and sends it wirelessly to the 3D printer. Once printed, the parts are rinsed in isopropyl alcohol and post-cured. A technician casts biocompatible silicone into the molds, removes the 3D printed shell, then finishes and coats the final product.
Walk through a step-by-step guide of the production for custom silicone ear molds using the Form 2 and Formlabs’ Clear Resin.
What’s Next for Mass Customization?
Custom earbuds are just the beginning. Advances in 3D printing and scanning technologies have opened a market that was previously only accessible to audiophiles or performing artists, and we predict that many more industries will be able to offer their customers the performance, comfort, and convenience of customized products.
Learn more about the future of manufacturing and mass customization from experts who spoke at our Digital Factory conference, including New Balance, which last year announced a partnership with Formlabs to bring 3D printing to large-scale, Massachusetts-based footwear production.